Halsted, William Stewart

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 23 September 1852 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
d. 7 September 1922 Baltimore, Maryland, USA
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American surgeon, originator of the surgical use of rubber gloves and silk ligatures.
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After education at Yale University, he studied at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York, qualifying in 1877. Following internships in New York, he spent two postgraduate years in Germany and Austria, where he became acquainted with the German methods of surgical education. He returned to New York in 1880 to practise privately and also demonstrate anatomy at the College.
In 1884, when experimenting with cocaine as an anaesthetic, he became addicted; he underwent treatment for his addiction in 1886–7 and there is also some evidence of treatment for morphine addiction in 1892. As a consequence of these problems he moved to Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, where he was appointed Surgeon-in-Chief in 1890 and Professor of Surgery in 1892. In this role he devoted considerable time to laboratory study and made important contributions in the treatment of breast carcinoma, thyroid disease and aneurism. A perfectionist, his technical advances were an outcome of his approach to surgery, which was methodical and painstaking in comparison with the cavalier methods of some contemporaries.
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Bibliography
1894, Johns Hopkins Hospital Reports, Baltimore (rubber gloves).
1924, Surgical Papers by William Stewart Halsted, ed. W.C.Berket, Baltimore.
Further Reading
W.G.McCallum, 1930, William Stewart Halsted, Surgeon, Baltimore.
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Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Halsted, William Stewart — ▪ American surgeon born Sept. 23, 1852, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 7, 1922, Baltimore, Md.  American pioneer of scientific surgery who established at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, the first surgical school in the United States.… …   Universalium

  • William Stewart Halstedt — William Stewart Halsted William Stewart Halsted (* 23. September 1852 in New York City; † 7. September 1922 in Baltimore) war ein US amerikanischer Chirurg. Er studierte Medizin in New York und hielt sich anschließend zwei Jahre in Europa auf.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Stewart Halsted — (* 23. September 1852 in New York City; † 7. September 1922 in Baltimore) war ein US amerikanischer Chirurg. Er studierte Medizin in New York und hielt sich anschließend zwei Jahre in Europa auf. Seit 1880 war er in New York als Chirurg tätig.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Stewart Halsted — Infobox Scientist name = William Stewart Halsted box width =300px image width =250px caption = William Stewart Halsted birth date = September 23 1852 birth place = New York City death date = September 7 1922 death place = residence = citizenship …   Wikipedia

  • Halsted radical mastectomy — Hal·sted radical mastectomy hal .sted n RADICAL MASTECTOMY called also Halsted radical Halsted William Stewart (1852 1922) American surgeon. Halsted served for many years as professor of surgery and surgeon in chief at Johns Hopkins Medical… …   Medical dictionary

  • Stewart — /stooh euhrt, styooh /, n. 1. Also, Stuart. See Darnley, Lord Henry. 2. Dugald /dooh geuhld, dyooh /, 1753 1828, Scottish philosopher. 3. James Maitland (Jimmy), 1908 97, U.S. actor. 4. Potter, 1915 85, U.S. jurist: associate justice of the U.S.… …   Universalium

  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

  • Halsted — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: George Bruce Halsted (1853–1922), amerikanischer Mathematiker William Stewart Halsted (1852–1922), amerikanischer Chirurg Halsted steht für: Halsted (Texas), Ort in den USA Halsted (Dänemark), Gemeinde in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Halsted — as a surname may refer to:* Anna Roosevelt Halsted (1906–1975), first child of Franklin Delano Roosevelt * Byron Halsted (1852–1918), American biologist and educator * George Bruce Halsted (1853–1922), American mathematician * William Stewart… …   Wikipedia

  • Stewart — Stewart, Jacky Stewart, James * * * (as used in expressions) Allen Stewart Konigsberg Bluford, Guion S(tewart), Jr. Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, vizconde Chamberlain, Houston Stewart Darnley, Henry Stewart, Lord Stuart, Stewart Halsted, William… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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